Consumer Fraud Reporting
Business deals, fake
Reporting on the Latest Frauds, Scams, Fake Lotteries, Spams and Hoaxes

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How Scams Work
Steps to Take
Orphans and Widows
Scammers w/ Religion
ATM Card Scams
Lawyers & Barristers
Reverend Fathers
Bank Officials
Contract / Inheritance
Government officials
Courier / Security
Foreign businessdeals
Grants / Scholarships
Selling Scams
Miscellaneous Scams
How the scams work


AV product:

False Business Proposal Email Scams (Nigerian 419 Scams) - Sample Emails - How to Recognize Them and How to Report Them

The Advance Fee Fraud (AFF) email is also known as 419 after the section of the Nigerian penal law that deals with this type of fraud. It takes many forms, from the typical "Barrister" who represents a bank from a "deceased" businessman or  government official to requests for a "local company representative in your country" to "receive payments" to fake grants and wealthy religious widows who just "need your help, in Jesus' name"

Below are links to our pages with many, many actual examples of these fake business scams from Nigeria.  A rule of thumb: "It if is from Nigeria, it MUST be a scam" .  Nigeria ought to use a new slogan for their tourist office: "Nigeria: Land of Scams, Thieves and Scumbags - Don't come, just let us steal your money!"  But now there are plenty originating in the Far East and other areas.

How to Recognize a Money Transfer Scam or Fraudulent Business Deal

Let's look at some actual emails people received and see how we can spot that they are scams. In general, notice the awesome amount of misspellings, poor grammar and run-on sentences.  Even if they weren't scams, would you go into business with someone who writes like that?

Sample Scam Emails by Theme

See this page for a detail explanation of how the scams work, step-by-step!

How to Report a Fraudulent Business Proposal

In the United States contact:

U.S. Secret Service
Financial Crimes Division
1800 G Street, NW
Room 942
Washington, DC 20223

Phone: (202) 4355850

Fax: (202) 4355031

Or contact the local U.S. Secret Service Field Office.


Contact the Foreign Commercial Service (FSC) at the nearest U.S. Embassy or Consulate. If there is no FCS office, contact the American Citizens Services Unit of the Consular Section or the Regional Security Office.

For a comprehensive list of national and international agencies to report scams, see this page.



Copyright CFR 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009  - Definition of scam, fraud, etc.Legal disclaimer / corrections / complaints  -  Privacy Policy
Names used by scammers in the examples on this page and others often belong to real people and businesses who often have no knowledge of nor connection to the scammer's use of their name and information.  Sample scam emails and other documents are copies of the scam to help potential victims recognize and avoid it.  You should presume that any names used and presented here in a scam are either fictitious or used without their legitimate owner's permission.
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